crst 2020

CrSt 1/2020

crst 12020 

Indice del numero 1/2020, gennaio-aprile

Marie Pauliat
Accorder Mt 6,7-8 avec Mt 7,7 et Lc 18,1? Le sermon 80 d’Augustin d’Hippone sur la prière dans la tradition patristique

In his Sermo 80, commenting on a text probably related to an old African Latin text, Augustine of Hippo raises two questions: why pray if God knows what is necessary for man (Mt 6,8), how to pray in few words (Mt 6,7) when one must ask, seek and strike (Mt 7,7), and pray ceaselessly (Lk 18,1). The solution of these questions, the second of which is a priori unique in the patristic tradition, is part of a well-established tradition: prayer aims not to inform God, but to transform the praying person; the recommendation in Mt 6,7 would thus be qualitative (asking for spiritual goods), not quantitative.

Federico Alpi
Il dibattito sul primato di Pietro in Armenia fra XIV e XV secolo: la testimonianza del «Girkՙ Ułłapՙ aṙacՙ» di Mxitՙaričՙ Aparanecՙi

After the ultimately unsuccessful union of the Latin and Armenian Churches in 1307, the Armenian ecclesiastical community split into two groups: those who opposed the union (and eventually prevailed) and those who supported it. While we possess many documents produced by the victorious group, documents written by the pro-Latin faction are less frequent. One such document is the Girkՙ Ułłapՙaṙacՙ, written by Mxitՙaričՙ Aparanecՙi in about 1410. This book was to become, in the mind of its author, a tool to be used in debates against anti-unionists. The document is analysed here with regards to its statements about the primacy of St. Peter, discussed in Chapter 33 of the book. In the Appendix, the relevant sections of the manuscript are, for the first time, published and translated.

Benjamin Dahlke
Ascesa e declino della dogmatica neoscolastica. Il caso dell’Academia Theodoriana di Paderborn

This article attempts to contribute to a better understanding of Neo-Scholasticism, a movement within Catholicism which shaped both philosophy and theology. Emerging in the course of the nineteenth century, it dissolved and finally disappeared in the wake of Vatican II. By means of a case-study focusing on dogmatics, the rise and fall of Neo-Scholasticism is outlined. The object of inquiry is the Academia Theodoriana, today’s Department of Theology in the city of Paderborn, Germany.

Rodrigo Polanco
Cambios en la conciencia eclesial en América Latina, previo a la conferencia de Medellín (1968). Estudio a partir de la literatura clasificada en la base de datos “Seladoc”

Taking into account Latin American periodical theological-pastoral literature, this study introduces the ecclesiological development leading up to the Conference of Medellín. Considering the previous ecclesiology, it reviews the very frail development of the ecclesial conscience in the 1950s; it also takes into account the renewal promoted by the Council, in which the continental Church was deeply involved, playing a very active role in all the changes that took place during the nineteensixties. This reflection on that period of time clearly supports the idea that Medellín was also an arrival point as far as the development of the Latin American character of the Continental Church was concerned.

Simona Merlo
Una chiesa per la nazione. Movimento nazionale e risveglio religioso in Ucraina tra “perestrojka” e indipendenza (1987-1995)

The perestroika years in the Soviet Union were a period of religious awakening. In Ukraine, this phenomenon assumed particular characteristics: after decades of clandestinity, the Greek-Catholic Church re-emerged (in the historical regions of Galicia and Transcarpathia), and the Ukrainian autocephalous Orthodox Church, which was suppressed in the 1930s yet survived in the diaspora, was also reconstituted. From the proclamation of independence in 1991, the construction of a national Church became one of the priorities of the Ukrainian leadership, which attempted to exploit the Orthodox factor as one of the elements of the nation-building process. This project did not take into account either the complexity of the relationship between nation and religion, or the coexistence of different national discourses, of which the ecclesiastical hierarchies of the different denominations themselves were bearers.


Étienne Fouilloux
Une revue pour l’oecuménisme: «Istina»

The Istina (Truth) Dominican Centre for Russian Studies was founded in Lille in 1927. Twenty years later, having moved to Paris, it extended its studies to cover the ecumenical question as a whole. The main instrument of this broader outlook was the quarterly magazine «Istina», which was founded in 1954 and is still active. Under the direction of Father Christophe-Jean Dumont from 1954 to 1967, it played a leading role in the entry of the Catholic Church into ecumenism. Later edited by Father Bernard-Dominique Dupuy (1968-2004), it also opened up to dialogue with Judaism.

Ephrem Aboud Ishac
A Journal of Two Cities: «Proche-Orient Chrétien» from Jerusalem to Beirut

In 1951, the order of the White Fathers in Jerusalem published at St. Anne’s Monastery the first issue of «Revue Proche-Orient Chrétien» (POC), which then became the pioneering ecumenical journal in the Middle East. POC included articles on various theological and ecumenical topics, with a special focus on Christianity in the Middle East. The target of POC was to provide an academic arena for serious discussions about crucial themes related to the Eastern Christian heritage, which would also be of interest to the Western world. In 2015, the White Fathers decided to entrust the Jesuit University of St. Joseph in Beirut with the continuation of the POC’s ecumenical mission, where a new outlook was implemented in order to continue its enterprise. This article intends to offer a general presentation of POC as a distinctive review, particularly for scholars who are interested in the history of ecumenism in the Middle East.

Paolo Bettiolo
Note in margine all’edizione degli «Entretiens» di Emmanuel Mounier

This essay aims to highlight some of the themes found in Emmanuel Mounier’s Entretiens, recently edited by Bernard Comte, which contextualise his meetings and thoughts within the framework of the debates, events and choices made by the French Church and the intellectual world from the condemnation of the Action française to the end of the Vichy regime (1926- 1944). The topics addressed are the studies on mysticism in Paris in the early 1930s, the debate on the Church-world relationship, the conduct of the French Church towards National Socialism and the Révolution nationale, and the problem, deeply felt by Mounier, of the possible extinction of Christianity in the aftermath of the Second World War. A separate note is devoted to the reading Mounier offers of Henri Bergson’s death.

Maria Chiara Rioli e Federico Ruozzi
«Don Milani è sempre nel suo posto di avanguardia “missionaria”». Don Lorenzo Milani e Giorgio La Pira nelle carte della Fondazione La Pira

The close relationship between Giorgio La Pira and Lorenzo Milani as well as their mutual influences have been frequently mentioned by historiography, but not adequately explored. This study of their unpublished correspondence sheds light on their respective biographies and provides an in-depth analysis of some relevant moments of their religious and political actions. These new letters, combined with previous archival documents, allow to reconstruct some instances of the Florentine and Italian Catholicism. The historicization of these two figures enables the study to investigate beyond the hagiographies and condemnations that still strongly characterize the public debate on both La Pira and Milani.


Origene, Commento alla Lettera ai Romani/2. Libri V-X, a cura di F. Cocchini (D. Pazzini) 391; Vernacular Bible and Religious Reform in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Era, ed. by W. François and A. den Hollander (A. Gerace) 394; T. Müntzer, Schriften, Manuskripte und Notizen, hrsg. von A. Kohnle und E. Wolgast (J. Reinert) 397; The Protestant Reformation in a Context of Global History: Religious Reforms and World Civilizations, ed. by H. Schilling and S. Seidel Menchi (G. Braghi) 399; R. Florie, Paul Laymann. Ein Jesuit im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und Politik (C. Ferlan) 402; P. Onyemechi Adiele, The Popes, the Catholic Church and the Transatlantic Enslavement of Black Africans 1418-1839 (M.T. Fattori) 405; Droits antiromains. Juridictionalisme catholique et romanité ecclésiale XVIe-XIXsiècles. Actes du colloque de Lyon (30 septembre-1er octobre 2016), sous la direction de S.H. de Franceschi et B. Hours (M.T. Fattori) 408; M. Paiano, La preghiera e la Grande guerra. Benedetto XV e la nazionalizzazione del culto in Italia (F. Gugelot) 410; H. Bielefeldt, N. Ghanea and M. Wiener, Freedom of Religion or Belief. An International Law Commentary (S. Ferrari) 412