ultimo numero

CrSt 2/2020

0001 21https://www.rivisteweb.it/issn/0393-3598/issue/8040

Indice del numero 2, 2020, maggio-agosto

Dominik Markl
The Ambivalence of Authority in Deuteronomy: Reaction, Revision, Rewriting, Reception

The Book of Deuteronomy employs a variety of literary techniques to promote its reception, which makes it a paradigmatic case of proto-canonical literature. Deuteronomy’s claim to authority is derived in two ways. It reacts to the Neo-Assyrian rhetoric of hegemonic power and it revises a pre-existing collection of laws transmitted in the Covenant Code. Deuteronomy was subversively rewritten and interpreted, but at the same time its promotion of its own reception proved successful in its actual transmission. Deuteronomy is explored as an example of the productive ambivalence of Scriptural authority in its literary expression and its socio-historical contexts.

Hans-George Gradl
Ein Buch wie ein Spiegel Anmerkungen zur Auslegungs- und Wirkungsgeschichte der Johannesapokalypse

The article focuses on the history of the interpretation and the effect of Revelation. After analyzing some representative voices in the field of biblical exegeses and describing some meaningful effects (in music, art and architecture), the question arises as to why Revelation was able to have such an extensive impact and attract such great interest. An answer is undoubtedly to be found in the open and archetypal symbolic language of Revelation, but also in its transparency and effectiveness in personal or global situations of crisis. It is precisely at such moments that Revelation develops a crucial potential for hope and resistance.

Peter Dubovský, Iveta Strenková
Navigating in the Labyrinthof Biblical Interpretations

The history of biblical interpretation records multiple tensions and advances in biblical scholarship besides the theological use of the Bible. This paper presents the model of four cultures proposed by John W. O’Malley, in particular the prophetic, academic, humanistic and artistic cultures, and applies them to the history of biblical interpretations. The paper also attempts to understand why there have been so many different approaches in theology and biblical studies.

Philippe Luisier
La Bible dans la liturgie copte et arabe de tradition alexandrine

This paper proposes a brief overview of the use of the Bible in the liturgy of the Coptic Church of Egypt. We can find it in the Lectionaries in Sahidic, the old language of Upper Egypt, and in Bohairic, the liturgical language of the entire Coptic Church from the Middle Ages. Many readings are taken from the Old Testament, particularly during Lent and Holy Week, and all the books of the New Testament are read. The phenomenon of the lectio continua of certain books, e.g. the Book of Jonas or, notably, the Book of Revelation, on every Holy Saturday deserves special attention.

Oda Wischmeyer
Leviticus 19,18 The Text and Some Stations in the History of its Reception

Lv 19,18 is part of the cultic-social-ethical commandments of Israel’s Torah. The history of the reception of Lv 19,18, in the strict sense of quotation, began with Paul. He was the first to cite the commandment of love explicitly and to discuss its range and place in the Torah. He gave the commandment the comprehensive, unique ethical and legal status it had never previously enjoyed. Martin Luther intensified the existential-emotional aspect of love through his famous translation of ʼahab as Nächstenliebe. Currently, the encyclical Deus caritas est (2005) and statements by the German Protestant bishop Heinrich Bedford-Strohm aim to safeguard the ethical value and dynamics of Lv 19,18 in conditions that are completely different from the historical, social and religious context of the original instruction.

Agustinus Gianto
Some Notes on the Early Reception of the Book of Proverbs

This paper discusses the early reception of the Book of Proverbs as reflected in these three areas: the different headings of the seven collections of sayings in the Masoretic Text (MT) and the Septuagint (LXX), their different understanding of the first seven verses of the book (Prv 1,1-7) and several passages on the power of speech (Prv 18,20-21; 10,11; 10,21). The paper also presents an illustration in the late mediaeval Bible historiale that reflects the understanding of Solomon’s figure during this period.

Paola Mollo
Empathy in Biblical Hebrew The Operation of the Reciprocal Verbs «pg‘» and «pg¨» (to meet)

The linguistic notion of empathy indicates the ability of speakers to identify themselves, to a greater or lesser extent, with interlocutors or with a person/ thing referred to in the utterance. Hence, in this case empathy does not indicate the speaker’s sympathy towards other people, but rather the point of view(s) he/she adopts. The studies of Susumu Kuno and Etsuko Kaburaki on some modern languages, published in 1977 and 1987, have shown how empathy directly affects syntax. The present paper aims to apply the notion of empathy to a specific class of BH verbs, namely the reciprocal verbs pg‘ and pg¨ meaning «to meet».

Jaroslav Mudroň
«Lamed Accusativi» in Biblical Hebrew

The use of lamed to introduce the object of a transitive verb in Biblical Hebrew is commonly accounted for as an Aramaic influence. This article will compare how lamed is used in Aramaic and in Biblical Hebrew. According to Maksim Kalinin and Sergey Loesov, in Egyptian Aramaic the direct object marker lamed is prefixed almost exclusively to definite-animate singular noun phrases. This study shows that this is also true for Biblical Hebrew, taking into consideration the character of transitive verbs and excluding the cases in which lamed does not function as a true direct object marker.

Luigi Santopaolo
The “Visionaryµ «wĕhinnēh» The Use of the Construction «wĕhinnēh» with the Participle in Daniel 8

This paper aims to describe the wĕhinnēh participle clauses in the Dn 8 vision report. This syntactic pattern seems to combine two perspectives: simultaneity and evidentiality. Simultaneity, expressed by a flexible verbal form such as participle, is associated to the empathic potential of the conjunction wĕhinnēh, which indicates the source of the perception (evidentiality). This association will be peculiarly productive in visionary accounts, where it is necessary to convert an instantaneous perception into a description.

Recensioni

Tra pratiche e credenze. Traiettorie antropologiche e storiche. Un omaggio ad Adriana Destro, a cura di C. Gianotto e F. Sbardella (M. Proietti) 635; C. Breytenbach et al., God’s Power for Salvation: Romans 1,1-5,11, ed. by C. Breytenbach (O. Wischmeyer) 638;