ultimo numero

CrSt 1/2019

CrSt 172019

Autorità e recezione dei concili, a cura di Giuseppe Ruggieri

Giuseppe Ruggieri

Hans-George Gradl
Paulus und Jerusalem. Zur Autorität und Wirkung des “Apostelkonzils” (Gal 2,1-21)

The article discusses the authority and the effects of the first “Apostolic Council” in Jerusalem. Even though a Gospel for the uncircumcised without the Law and a Gospel for the circumcised including the obligations of the Mosaic Law were recognized as equal, the Pauline Gospel prevailed. Different factors influenced the reception of the Council and led finally to an all in all Gentile-Christian Church. In particular, the main factors were political and sociological circumstances, the swift growth of Hellenistic congregations, the impressive engagement of charismatic figures, the theological substantiation of the Pauline Gospel and an uncomplicated feasibility of Christianity without circumcision and the Law.

Rita Lizzi Testa
L’autorità del concilio di Serdica in Occidente: testimonianze ambrosiane (epp. 30, 2-3; 72, 10)

Canons 8 and 9a-b Hess of the Council of Serdica (343 AD) meticulously regulated episcopal visits to the imperial Court. The bishops gathered there listed the “iustae causae”, for which a bishop could intercede or request indulgence, and established that not bishops, but their deacons would submit written requests to the aid of the oppressed, afflicted widows or orphans. The deacon, therefore, should have turned to the metropolitan bishop, who should have sent it to the bishop of the city, where the emperor resided, because he forwarded it to the imperial “comitatus”, possibly even requesting the help of “friends in the Palace”. Comparing Serdica’s canons with two Ambrose’s letters, we believe that the “mos sacerdotalis”, which he quoted as custom that every bishop was required to assume at the presence of the emperor, had been elaborated following the dispositions of Serdica. Since in the West, for almost two centuries, those canons were believed to have been issued at Nicea in 325, they acquired vast credit and favored the setting of protocol rules for bishops and clerics, who asked the emperor hearing.

Andrea Tilatti
Autorità dei concili. Aquileia e le sue costituzioni provinciali

Between 1282 and 1339 at least six provincial councils were celebrated in the Patriarchate of Aquileia. They were preceded by the constitutions of the papal legate, Latino Malabranca. Canons that concerning the state of the local churches were published in four councils and were received by the suffragan bishops. In 1339, a homogeneous conciliar corpus was established, which remained in force until the end of the 16th century. The present paper analyzes the contexts and the protagonists of this synodal activity and highlights the historical reasons that determined the authority and the reception of the single conciliar constitutions.

Matteo Al Kalak
L’autorità di un concilio. Trento, la sua applicazione e il suo mito

The article analyses the theme of a Council’s authority with regard to the history and application of the Council of Trent (1545-1563). The analysis is conducted, first of all, by examining the complex relationship between the sixteenth-century papacy and the instrument of the Council, looked upon with suspicion by a Roman curia that was increasingly centralized with respect to ecclesiastic dynamics. Secondly, the different times and methods of receiving the Tridentine decrees in the various states and political contexts will be shown, to conclude with their application in the various dioceses. The situation that emerges reveals the complexity of the implementation of the Council in the Catholic world and the need to distinguish, within the very concept of implementation, different levels of meaning and intervention.

Jean-François Chiron
La réception de «Pastor aeternus» chapitre IV, entre amplifications et contextualisations

Chapter IV of the constitution, “Pastor aeternus”, of the First Vatican Council was received in various ways: with justifications, amplifications and, since the period before the last Council, what we might call a contextualisation. The majority view sought not to minimise the definition but to offer an interpretation which takes into account certain factors: the historical context, official explanations, the position of the council’s minority and theological principles. This interpretation was partly received by the Second Vatican Council. However, the question of the relationship between a statement which remains that of a single minister and the faith of the whole church still remains, making the implementation of the dogma proclaimed in 1870 problematic.

Giuseppe Ruggieri
Interpretazione accrescitiva e recezione

The locution «augmentative interpretation» of Vatican II, while not found word for word in the writings of Giuseppe Dossetti, nevertheless faithfully summarizes the proposal that he considered appropriate for the reception of the council. Dossetti considered an “evolutionary” interpretation of the documents of the council necessary «because of the historical growth and the pouring of grace that take place in the very act of their fulfillment». For this reason, he hoped that, through the simple application of the final documents of the council, «gradually, without betraying their letter, but rather for a better interpretation of their spirit, there will be an increase in their literal significance, either as a result of constructive interpretations, or also as the effect of new additional acts, which are, however, to be added homogeneously in the development of the final documents».


G.G. Stroumsa, Religions d’Abraham. Histoires croisées (S. Acerbi) 169; Origeniana Undecima. Origen and Ori- genism in the History of Western Thought. Papers of the 11th International Origen Congress (Aarhus University, 26-31 August 2013), ed. by A.-C. Jacobsen (D. Pazzini) 173; T. Canella, Il peso della tolleranza. Cristianesimo antico e alterità (R. Teja) 178; A. Czortek e F. Chieli, La nascita di una diocesi nella Toscana di Leone X: Sansepolcro da borgo a città (L. Tanzini) 181; pp. 166-182

Tercer Concilio Limense (1583-1591). Edición bilingüe de los decretos, ed. por L. Martínez Ferrer (M.T. Fattori) 183; R. Corts i Blay, La qüestió catalana en l’Arxiu Secret Vaticà. De la Restauració a Primo de Rivera (1875-1923) (H. Raguer) 186; L. Meesemaecker, Louis Massignon et le langage. Le miroir sombre et la langue des larmes (M. Campanini) 192; pp. 183-193