ultimo numero

86932357_3813509078666887_7290838050182004736_n

https://www.rivisteweb.it/issn/1126-9200/issue/7749

Indice del numero 2, 2019, luglio-dicembre

Luigi Canetti
Cristianizzazione e culture fra tarda antichità e alto medioevo

The article emphasizes the need to find new epistemological categories in order to redefine the relationship between medieval history and religious history, which has been experiencing a crisis for almost forty years. After providing a broad historiographical overview and some concrete examples, the author suggests restarting from fields of research, such as the history of religions, ethno-linguistics, cognitive science and evolutionary biology, that have been able to underline the great heuristic potential in the study of religious experience on the basis of new explicative paradigms of cultural change.

Marina Montesano
Culture popolari e dimensione religiosa

The concept of popular culture and that, closely linked to it, of popular religion have been discussed in many conferences and essays, especially since the Seventies. The historiographical discussion has taken place within a debate that had already involved philosophical, ethnographic and ethno-linguistic disciplines. This essay retraces its fortunes, dwelling on some of the most important contributions, and concludes discussing the fruitfulness and topicality of this issue.

Isabella Gagliardi
Santi, culti e santuari

The essay traces the historiography of saints, cults and sanctuaries in Italy from the nineteen-seventies, identifying in the works of Giovanni Miccoli a very important initial turning point, and then continues citing the pioneering studies of Sofia Boesch Gajano, Gabriella Zarri, André Vauchez, Roberto Rusconi, Grado Giovanni Merlo and Anna Benvenuti. It highlights the birth of some associations – in particular the AISSCA – which have had the merit of presenting the historiography of these issues in an innovative way. We then identify some particularly successful thematic strands, from that relating to the experiences of women, to that favouring the spatial outlook as a privileged point of view, to arrive at the review of studies dedicated to Christian shrines in Italy.

Francesco Salvestrini
Per un bilancio della più recente storiografia sul monachesimo

The paper traces the historiography on the Medieval Italian monastic world (Benedictine and Carthusian) mainly produced from the beginning of the third millennium. The text presents the main trends in research which, in the author’s opinion, characterise today’s cultural orientations, within a context of profound renewal and more intense contacts between Italian and foreign scholars, and in the perspective of the future overcoming of the traditional contrast between erudite memoirs of a confessional matrix and scientific production, but also of a progressive divergence between the investigations into the history of the regular religious environment and Italian Medieval studies as a whole

Maria Teresa Dolso
L’impatto degli ordini mendicanti nella storia del basso medioevo

The work focuses on the role attributed to the friars in the last 40 years of historiography. The writer begins with a consideration of a work published in 1974, which, incidentally, also corresponds to the first year of the period under examination. The work is entitled Storia religiosa, by Giovanni Miccoli, in which Francis of Assisi and the order he established occupy a fundamental role. While Miccoli recognizes that within the Franciscan experience there is «a unique and exceptional fact in Italian religious history», other renowned medieval scholars, such as Ovidio Capitani and his students (Dolcini, Lambertini, Tabarroni, Todeschini), see instead in Francis a «new anthropology». They examine the novitas of Franciscan thought and how it translates on a political, economic and ethical level. This wealth of study and a thorough historiographic framework, in which the centrality of mendicants is recognized in various ways, has, however, encountered corroboration within the most important works on the history of Christianity from the 1990s until 2010, which appear to be untouched by this mare magnum of specialist historiography. This fact leaves us with a significant intellectual gap upon which reflection is due.

Laura Gaffuri
Il cristianesimo nelle città comunali e signorili. Connessioni, intrecci, sovrapposizioni (secoli XII-XV)

The contribution starts out from the observation that during the Middle Ages the most significant moments in the lives of the faithful, birth, marriage and death, solemnized by the celebration of the sacraments, led to an abundant production of writings and forms of registration. The Church gradually established the practice of compiling registries for the baptized, the wedded and the deceased (in its session of November 11, 1563, the Council of Trent ordered registries to be kept for baptisms and marriages while the registering of deaths was made mandatory in 1614). Over the past few decades the study of these sources has resulted in an extensive historiography, which is briefly presented in this essay, although it does not consider the topic of marriage registrations. “Writings concerning the deceasedµ are mainly represented by wills, which for the past fifty years have been the subject of special attention.

Maria Clara Rossi
Riconoscere e registrare. Le scritture medievali della nascita, della vita e della morte

The article examines the development of the attention paid to the history of laypeople by the historiography of medieval Italy in the second half of the twentieth century. The extended interest of the research in laypeople was related to the ties with social sciences suggested by historiographers of medieval Italy, but also to the Catholic theological renewal culminating in the Vatican II Council. The main stages in this new approach are followed: from its greatest momentum (1960-1990), to a more difficult phase, which began in the 1990s, when the interest in the religious dimension of medieval laypeople seems gradually to diminish. The article underlines, among the soundest results achieved in this field, the acquisition of a better articulated image of medieval laity and the focus on the central role played by people’s choice of a semi-religious life. Finally, it points out, of the paths of enquiry that may still be profitably taken, those linked to research into the ties between laypeople’s religious experience and their locality, and those concerning the dialectic between the context of life at home and conventual life as conflicting, yet inseparable, strained but significant, worlds.

Michele Pellegrini
Religione domestica, religione in comunità. I laici nella storiografia religiosa sul medioevo italiano: note di lettura

The article examines the development of the attention paid to the history of laypeople by the historiography of medieval Italy in the second half of the twentieth century. The extended interest of the research in laypeople was related to the ties with social sciences suggested by historiographers of medieval Italy, but also to the Catholic theological renewal culminating in the Vatican II Council. The main stages in this new approach are followed: from its greatest momentum (1960-1990), to a more difficult phase, which began in the 1990s, when the interest in the religious dimension of medieval laypeople seems gradually to diminish. The article underlines, among the soundest results achieved in this field, the acquisition of a better articulated image of medieval laity and the focus on the central role played by people’s choice of a semi-religious life. Finally, it points out, of the paths of enquiry that may still be profitably taken, those linked to research into the ties between laypeople’s religious experience and their locality, and those concerning the dialectic between the context of life at home and conventual life as conflicting, yet inseparable, strained but significant, worlds.

Vera von Falkenhausen
La Chiesa greca nell’Italia meridionale e nella Sicilia bizantina e postbizantina

The article provides an overview of the last fifty years of research concerning the history of the Greek Church in Sicily from the sixth to the fifteenth century. Particular attention is paid to the publication of unpublished, or recently discovered, sources: theological, liturgical, hagiographic and hymn texts composed and copied there (together with palaeographic investigations into manuscript dissemination and the geographical locations of scriptoria), archival documents, inscriptions and lead seals. Some brief reference has also been made to the construction of churches for the Greek rite, and to their decoration.

Francesco Panarelli
Religione e culture nel Mezzogiorno medievale: i vescovi e le diocesi latine

The concept of popular culture and that, closely linked to it, of popular religion have been discussed in many conferences and essays, especially since the nineteen-seventies. The historiographical discussion has taken place within a debate that already involved philosophical, ethnographic and ethno- linguistic disciplines. This essay retraces its fortunes, dwelling on some of the most important contributions, and concludes with the fruitfulness and topicality of this issue.

Amalia Galdi
Temi e problemi della storiografia sul monachesimo latino nel Mezzogiorno dei secoli XI-XIII

Latin monasticism, in all its aspects, has been one of the most widely studied historiographical subjects concerning Southern Italy during recent decades. New sources and new hermeneutic levels have made it possible to know more about this topic and, in particular, its peculiarities and its “inclusionµ within the Italian and European monastic context. This essay proposes a status quaestionis on the research into this subject and the historiographical discussion, which involves especially some monastic institutions (such as SS. Trinità di Cava, S. Maria di Montevergine and S. Maria di Pulsano) in Southern Italy from the 11th to the 13th century. In point of fact, they are characterized by common paths, such as their origins, yet also by later, different developments.

André Vauchez
Les tâches actuelles de l’histoire du christianisme médiéval: quelques réflexions en guise de conclusion