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CrSt 3/2019



Indice del numero 3, 2019, settembre-dicembre

Enrico Norelli
L’«Ascensione di Isaia» dipende dalle lettere di Paolo? Una discussione con Richard Bauckham e Tobias Nicklas

Until recently, research on the Ascension of Isaiah could not establish whether (some of) Paul’s letters were among the sources of that ancient Christian apocryphon. Ascension 11,34 reproduces a sentence quoted as Scripture in 1Cor 2,9, but that passage, contained only in two late ancient or medieval translations stemming from a revised textual form, is almost certainly an interpolation. In two articles, published respectively in 2015 and 2016, Tobias Nicklas and Richard Bauckham endeavoured to show, in different ways, that some passages or themes from Pauline or Deutero-Pauline epistles (mainly, but not only, Phil 2,5- 11) were tacitly used by that author, who inserted them into his/her own ideological framework. The present article checks their methods and arguments. The outcome is that they cannot stand a thorough examination, so that an influence of the Pauline correspondence on the Ascension remains as yet unproven

Antonio Gerace
Lovanio nel XVI secolo, tra agostinismo e molinismo

Scholarship generally links the 16th-century Leuven Faculty of Theology to Augustinism. By contrast, the change of the chair of Sacred Scriptures in Leuven, from the Augustinist Michel Baius to the Molinist Thomas Stapleton, reveals a far more complex theological milieu. They represent only two extremes of a wider exegetical spectrum, which also included a moderate Augustinism, that of Cornelius Jansen the Elder. By analyzing key passages taken from the commentaries on the Gospels by Jan Hessels – Baius’ disciple –, Jansen and Stapleton, different exegetical approaches will be shown within the broader context of the de auxiliis controversy.

Simone Maghenzani
Inquisire Porta Pia: i protestanti a Roma e il S. Ufficio all’indomani dell’Unità

ten written using sources belonging exclusively to the Protestant Churches, sometimes without taking into account the documents of the Roman Congregations. Thanks to the recent availability of archival material (for example, the opening of the Archive of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith), the article elucidates the role played by the Holy Office in the control of Protestant preaching in Rome and the Lazio region in the 1870s. By studying reports and abjurations, the essay focuses on the Inquisition’s strategies of control, on its networks and on its handling of anti-Protestant fears in its attempt to bring converts back to Catholicism. On the one hand, the article reveals the major fears of the Curia at the time, those that led to identify Protestantism with Mazzinianism, Freemasonry and social activism. On the other hand, the essay sheds new light on the social profiles of those who joined the new Protestant churches.

Isabella Adinolfi
Necessità e libertà. Simone Weil tra pensiero greco, gnosi e vangelo

What lies at the heart of Simone Weil’s existential and spiritual journey is the view of a world and a history dominated by force. The Greeks understood this perfectly, and illustrated it in their Iliad, in their tragedies and in Plato’s reflections on the misfortune to which everything is subjected. Yet, they also glimpsed the presence of signs of an absolute Good in the world and throughout history, a Good radically different to everything that is subject to necessity and force, and they went so far as to attempt to build bridges that might connect the world and Good. Weil believed that all traces of this were lost after Plato but then re-emerged in the Gospels, Gnosticism and Catharism. One decisive point in such a construction is the intuition that Good create by retreating to make room for the creature. So, as far as the creature wishes to exist, it finds itself within a context of injustice, far from God and subjected to necessity and misfortune. But, if it comprehends that the Good which inhabits it involves de-creating itself in order to correspond to God opens up new possibilities for a history removed from necessity, a history that is free and good.

Dries Bosschaert
Discerning Sports as a Sign of the Times: The Vatican II Fathers’ Changing Mentality on Leisure Activities (1959-1965)

The present contribution addresses the integration of the theme of sport into the texts of Vatican II. It will do so by focusing on the way in which the theme was addressed by the Council Fathers during the preparation, and the brief period, of the council (1959-1965) on the basis of the nearly hundred references to sport in the authorized Acta et Documenta and the Acta Synodalia, thus drawing a picture of its appearance in the preparatory and conciliar phases respectively, and its eventual integration in Gaudium et spes 61.

Giuseppe Ruggieri
The Ruptures of History as Challenge to Ecumenism

By “ruptures of historyµ we mean those situations in which the shared dignity of human beings before God is placed in jeopardy and the Churches come to be questioned by examining the gospel of Jesus Christ. That is to say, when the common search for Christian unity, seeking to overcome dogmatic differences, is challenged at a deeper level than that of dogmas and is called upon to probe into the questions presented by the gospel itself. The article develops this problem by analysing the cases of Dietrich Bonhoeffer in the 1930s, of the Kairos Document issued by South African Christians in 1985 and of the Latin American Churches in 1968.

Giuseppe Battelli
Storiografia, impegno civile, ispirazione religiosa. Gli studi su Ettore Passerin d’Entrèves a trent’anni dalla scomparsa

The following pages provide a succinct overview of the critical writings dedicated to the Italian historian Ettore Passerin d’Entrèves, his historiographical production and his academic career. Born in Turin in 1914, into an aristocratic family from the Aosta Valley, Passerin studied in his native city and took part in the Italian civil war in 1944-1945. He taught at the University of Pisa from 1948 to 1961, at the Catholic University in Milan from 1961 to 1965 and at the University of Turin from 1961 to 1985. He died in 1990. A historian of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, particular attention being paid to Jansenism, Catholic liberalism and Italian nation building, he adopted his own perspective on the history of ideas or the history of culture. In spite of his Catholic profession of faith, he was always rigorously committed to the use of a critical historical method.


Massimo Faggioli
Vatican II: Bibliographical Survey 2016-2019

This essay reviews the recent literature on Vatican II published during the years 2016-2019. The first part of the review focuses on the effect of Francis’ pontificate on the theological and historical debate on the council, while the second part lists the studies and reception of the final documents of Vatican II together with some other particular issues (Vatican II and women, the global-political reception of the council). The third part of the essay advances some hypotheses for the future path of research on Vatican II.


Joseph A. Komonchak
L. Figoureux, Henri de Lubac et le Concile Vatican II (1960-1965), Brepols 2017


Jesus Handbuch, hrsg. von J. Schröter und C. Jacobi (M. Pesce) 753; Acta Cusana. Quellen zur Lebensgeschichte des Nikolaus von Kues, hrsg. von J. Helmrath und T. Woelki, Bd. II/2-4 (E. Curzel) 758; L’Université face à la mystique. Un siècle de controverses?, éd. par M. Mazzocco, F. Trémolières et G. Waterlot (G. Losito) 760;
pp. 751-763

J. Chappel, Catholic Modern. The Challenge of Totalitarianism and the Remaking of the Church (M. Faggioli) 763; J. Ellul, Vivre et penser la liberté (C. Bassac) 768; Wissenschaft – Wahrheit – Weisheit. Theologische Standortbestimmungen, hrsg. von U. Lüke und H. Peters (J. Schmiedl) 771
pp. 763-772

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